The UN Security Council on Thursday voted unanimously for a new African Union peacekeeping force in Somalia, where Al-Shabaab insurgents have been seeking to overthrow the fragile government for more than a decade.
The current African Union Mission in Somalia (Amisom) is composed of 20,000 soldiers, police, and civilians helping local authorities fight against the jihadist insurgents.
Its mandate was due to expire Thursday, and UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres recommended early this month maintaining the force level until the end of the year.
“The UN Security Council has adopted a resolution… to reconfigure Amisom,” the UAE, which holds the UNSC presidency, said on Twitter.
“It is now the African Union Transition Mission in Somalia (Atmis).”
The new mission will work to enable Somali forces to take primary responsibility for security.
Under the resolution approved on Thursday, the UN force reduction will be carried out in four phases until the last peacekeeper withdraws in late 2024.
The Horn of Africa nation has seen a spate of attacks in recent weeks as it hobbles through a long-delayed election process.
Somalia’s key foreign backer, the United States, has imposed travel sanctions on senior political figures for undermining the electoral process.
The lower house election was due to be completed on Thursday, paving the way for lawmakers to pick a president.
President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed’s term ended in February 2021 but efforts to hold an election have failed.
The jihadists controlled Mogadishu until 2011 when they were pushed out by Amisom troops, but still hold territory in the countryside.